According to the recently published 《African Energy Data Book》, the African continent's total installed capacity has grown by 63 per cent since 2010, reaching 236GW. The data of PV installations has increased more than 45-fold since 2010, and is expected to double in the next two years, from 4GW in 2018 to 8.711GW by the end of 2020.
Critical energy data and trends in Africa
There has been a significant increase in natural gas and composite fuel power plants.They accounted for just 40% of electricity generation in 2010 and are likely to increase to 48% by the end of this year.By the end of 2018, coal-fired power capacity will increase by 13 percent from 2010, and the total installed capacity is expected to reach 60GW by 2022. But coal-fired power generation has fallen from 29% in 2010 to 20% in 2018.PV installations have increased more than 45-fold since 2010 and are expected to double in the next two years, from 4GW in 2018 to 8.711gw by the end of 2020.Still, by the end of 2018, PV power will account for only 1.8 percent of Africa's total power generation.By 2021, the installed capacity of wind power is expected to double from the current 5.7GW to more than 10GW. By the end of 2018, wind power had increased fivefold from 2010, but still accounted for just 2.4% of total installed capacity.The number of PPA projects in Africa has increased from less than 1GW/ year in 2010-2011 to 5-6GW/year in 2016-2017.